I Search You Search We All Search for Research


In chapter two of Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire proposes teachers bring “problem posing” into the classroom. Freire argues that students have real questions for which they want answers, real problems they want to solve, real ideas they want to explore about their world. He encourages teachers to move from a transmission style of teaching to a transformative one, one that provides students with opportunities to transform their world. To do so, he suggests a process of naming, reflecting, and acting on the real world problems we face today. In Stop Stealing Dreams, Seth Godin also encourages students to get out and work on real world problems.

In this 8-10 paper, I want students to consider what they’d like to solve in the world using skills they have or want to learn thenwrite a problem/solution essay focusing on this problem, researching possible solutions, taking action, and then reflecting on your action. Don’t be afraid if a topic morphs during the process! Communicate as it does.

SOURCES. Final paper must have at least 6 sources with authors with 1 of each:
–primary source (ie, interviews, surveys),
–magazine/newspaper article,
–academic journal,
–book (you don’t have to read it all; you may use course texts)
— at least one source in print (a non-digital book or periodical).
USE Ventura College DATABASES. Be wary of advocacy sites; use them but do not rely on them.


Intro: NAME the problem. Describe the problem; hook the reader with a story. Provide research to support why it is a problem. Discuss why interested in this problem, what led to it. Try to show the problem by painting a picture with words or by telling a story of a personal experience. Start on this NOW; play with ideas. Save them for your portfolio.

Body: REFLECT on possible solutions using research to determine your ACTION.

Conclusion: Take ACTION; evaluate for your conclusion. This paper can use personal narrative as a rhetorical device or a strategy to develop your argument. (See Jeremiah Slowik’s essay for an example.)

Oct.: Find topics, develop proposals; conduct research, create annotated works consulted.

November: Research, interview, take action, evaluate, draft, revise, get feedback, revise.

December: Present research. Revise. Finalize. Analyze process. Meet with instructor.

Research Paper 20% of Grade: Draft/Final Proposal 2%; Drafts/Final Annotated 2%;
Present 1%; Drafts 3%; Smartthinking 1%; Process Analysis 1%; Paper 10%


M 10/19, W 10/21 Develop and draft research proposal. Conference with instructor.
Name the problem, propose possible solution/s and discuss actions you can or could take. Review EW Tab 4 on research. Review the sample paper in Tab 9.
            1) Brainstorm possible problems to solve. Do some research into possibilities.
            2) Develop a research question and proposal. To prepare, consider the following:
What do you propose to research? Why does this topic interest you?
What is a problem you want to learn more about?
What do you think you want to do about this problem?
What is your research question? What is your working thesis?
            Write proposal in 1-2 pages in 3 or more paragraphs. Discuss:
–name, describe, outline the problem
–why the problem interests you including relevant personal experiences
–possible solutions, possible actions
–possible primary sources (interview? survey? See EW for ideas)
–key secondary sources

M 10/26, W 10/28 Revise Proposal, Find Sources, Draft Annotated Works Consulted  

3) Research/draft annotated works consulted aka annotated bibliography with 3-6 sources. Use VC databases and librarians. Include who you will interview and name at least one local organization/advocacy group working on this.

W 10/28 DUE: 1-2 page typed final Proposal; Draft Annotated Works Consulted

M 11/2, W 11/4 Revise Annotated Works Consulted; draft research paper.

M 11/10 NO CLASS; W 11/11 DUE: Annotated Works Consulted (Biblio) 5-7 sources

M 11/16 DUE: Down Draft with outline 3-7 pages + Annotated Works Consulted

4) Draft, research, revise, repeat. Use Smartthinking, VC databases, librarians.

W 11/18 DUE: Down draft 5-12 pages. Revise. Conduct actions.

M 11/23 DUE: Up Draft Research 7-12 pages; get readers! See a tutor! Use Smarthinking!

W 11/25 Revise. Keep revising your up draft! Have a happy Thanksgiving!

M 11/30 DUE: Dental Draft (8-10 pages); presentations/discussions

W 12/2 DUE: Final: drafts, responses from smartthinking.com, process analysis; present

5) Turn annotated works consulted into works cited. Separate pages.

6) Write a process analysis: 2 pages typed describe how your paper got on the page.

            7) Turn in your final with drafts, comments from readers, process analysis etc.

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